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ISSN & ISBN Application

ISSN & ISBN Application 
 
ISSN Application

The ISSN (International Standard Serial Number) is an eight-digit number which identifies periodical publications as such, including electronic serials. More than one million ISSN numbers have so far been assigned. Publishers or other interested parties (libraries, documentation centres) may request the assignment of an ISSN to a given periodical, if it does not yet have one. The ISSN is the standardized international code which allows the identification of any serial publication, including electronic serials, independently of its country of publication, of its language or alphabet, of its frequency, medium, etc. The ISSN number, therefore, preceded by these letters, and appears as two groups of four digits, separated by a hyphen , has no signification in itself and does not contain in itself any information referring to the origin or contents of the publication.

ISSN numbers are assigned by the ISSN national Centres coordinated in a network. All ISSN are accessible via the ISSN Register. The ISSN is not "just another administrative number". The ISSN should be as basic a part of a serial as the title. As a standard numeric identification code, the ISSN is eminently suitable for computer use in fulfilling the need for file update and linkage, retrieval and transmittal of data. As a human readable code, the ISSN also results in accurate citing of serials by scholars, researchers, information scientists and librarians. In libraries, the ISSN is used for identifying titles, ordering and checking in, claiming serials, interlibrary-loan, union catalog reporting etc.

ISSN is a fundamental tool for efficient document delivery. ISSN provides a useful and economical method of communication between publishers and suppliers, making trade distribution systems faster and more efficient, in particular through the use of bar-coding and EDI (electronic data interchange).
You have certainly already noticed or used this perhaps mysterious code on serials which you read or consult or in references concerning articles or serials : the ISSN (International Standard Serial Number).

What is the ISSN Register?
Each ISSN assigned to a serial publication is registered in an international database, the ISSN Register, formerly known as the ISDS Register (International Serials Data System). It is the most comprehensive and authoritative source for the identification of serial publications world-wide.

What is the structure of ISSN records?
Each of the bibliographic records which compose this Register contains, besides the unique authority elements (ISSN - key title - abbreviated key title), supplementary information, indispensable or useful for the identification of the publication concerned (frequency of publication, language, other forms of the title, place of publication, publisher...) and of the links which may associate it to other serial publications, which are also identified by different ISSN (former title(s), other language editions, other media editions...).

What is the format of ISSN records ?
ISSN records are available as MARC 21 records and UNIMARC (MARC is the bibliographic format used in libraries). The exchange format is ISO 2709.

What is the size of the ISSN Register?
This database, constantly updated in the framework of the network, has an annual growth of between 40,000 and 60,000 ISSN (corresponding to an equal number of records and identified publications); around 80,000 amendments and modifications are made each year. The statistics of the ISSN Register give important data concerning its coverage, growth etc.

What is the availability of the ISSN Register?
The ISSN Register, published by the ISSN International Centre in Paris, is available on the web: the ISSN Portal, Z39.50 access, and the Raw Data file.

How frequently is it updated ?
The online access through the Web is updated on a weekly basis. The CD-ROM edition is published quarterly.

What are the uses of the ISSN Register?
The ISSN Register may be used as the authoritative source of information about ISSN : this is its primary function.
Moreover, ISSN are used in libraries for identifying titles, ordering and checking in serials, and claiming missing issues.
ISSN simplifies interlibrary loan systems and union catalogue reporting and listing.
ISSN, employed as a standard numeric identification code, can be used in computers for updating and linking files, and retrieving and transmitting data.
ISSN provides a useful and economical method of communication between publishers and suppliers, making trade distribution systems faster and more efficient.
ISSN result in accurate citing of serials by scholars, researchers, abstracters, and librarians.But the ISSN Register is also a bibliographic utility which may be used as a major source of information about the world of serial publications which are registered on a comprehensive basis. The ISSN Register may thus be considered as the world catalogue of serials.

How to get an ISSN number?
1. The first step to be taken is to check whether an ISSN National Centre exists in the country of publication. If this is the case, the publisher should send the request to the ISSN Centre concerned. 2. Multinational publishers should check the appropriate list which indicates which ISSN National Centre should be contacted.
3. The International organizations listed in the "Yearbook of International Organizations" are invited to send their ISSN assignment requests to ISSN International Centre.
4. In all other cases, the ISSN International Centre in Paris should be contacted.
5.YOUFU ACCOUNTANTS LIMITED can help you ISSN application as assistant. if you need transact the affair for ISSN, please contact us to get further information.

ISBN Application

The International Standard Book Number (ISBN) is a 10-digit number that uniquely identifies books and book-like products published internationally. The purpose of the ISBN is to establish and identify one title or edition of a title from one specific publisher and is unique to that edition, allowing for more efficient marketing of products by booksellers, libraries, universities, wholesalers and distributors.

The ISBN is divided into five parts of variable length, which must be separated clearly by hyphens or spaces. The number of digits in the second, third and fourth parts of the ISBN (group identifier, publisher prefix, title identifier) varies. The number of digits in the group number and in the publisher prefix is determined by the quantity of titles planned to be produced by the publisher or publisher group. Publishers or publisher groups with large title outputs are represented by fewer digits.

From 1 January 2007 the number consists of thirteen digits:
1. Prefix element 
2. Registration group identifier
3. Registrant / publisher element
4. Publication element
5. Check digit

The purpose of an ISBN
The purpose of the ISBN is to establish and identify one title or edition of a title from one specific publisher and is unique to that edition, allowing for more efficient marketing of products by booksellers, libraries, universities, wholesalers and distributors.

Who can assign ISBN to a publisher
There are over 160 ISBN Agencies worldwide, and each ISBN Agency is appointed as the exclusive agent responsible for assigning ISBNs to publishers residing in their country or geographic territory. The United States ISBN Agency is the only source authorized to assign ISBNs to publishers supplying an address in the United States, U.S. Virgin Islands, Guam and Puerto Rico and its database establishes the publisher of record associated with each prefix.

Once an ISBN publisher prefix and associated block of numbers has been assigned to a publisher by the ISBN Agency, the publisher can assign ISBNs to publications it holds publishing rights to. However, after the ISBN Agency assigns ISBNs to a publisher, that publisher cannot resell, re-assign, transfer, or split its list of ISBNs among other publishers. These guidelines have long been established to ensure the veracity, accuracy and continued utility of the international ISBN standard.

As defined by the ISO Standard, the ISBN publisher prefix (or "root" of the ISBN) identifies a single publisher. If a second publisher subsequently obtains an ISBN from the assigned publisher's block of ISBNs, there will be no change in the publisher of record for any ISBN in the block as originally assigned. Therefore, searches of industry databases for that re-assigned ISBN will identify the original owner of that assigned prefix as the publisher rather than the second publisher. Discovering this consequence too late can lead to extensive costs in applying for a new prefix, re-assigning a new ISBN, and potentially leading to the application of stickers to books already printed and in circulation.

If you are a new publisher, you should apply for your own ISBN publisher prefix and plan to identify and circulate your books properly in the industry supply chain. You may encounter offers from other sources to purchase single ISBNs at special offer prices; you should be wary of purchasing from these sources for the reasons noted above. There are unauthorized re-sellers of ISBNs and this activity is a violation of the ISBN standard and of industry practice. A publisher with one of these re-assigned ISBNs will not be correctly identified as the publisher of record in Books In Print or any of the industry databases such as Barnes and Noble or Amazon or those of wholesalers such as Ingram. If you have questions, contact the US ISBN Agency for further advice.

What do I do when I receive the ISBN and where is it printed?
An ISBN should be assigned to each title or product, including any backlist or forthcoming titles. Each format or binding must have a separate ISBN (i.e. hardcover, paperbound, VHS video, laserdisc, e-book format, etc). A new ISBN is required for a revised edition. Once assigned, an ISBN can never be reused. An ISBN is printed on the lower portion of the back cover of a book above the bar code and on the copyright page.

How to get an ISBN
If you wish to obtain an ISBN, you should contact the national or regional ISBN agency in your own country. Presently, more than 160 countries or territories are official ISBN members.

Please contact the agency responsible for you. There you will get further information on the procedure of ISBN assignment.
YOUFU ACCOUNTANTS LIMITED can help you ISSN application as assistant. if you need transact the affair for ISSN, please contact us to get further information.
 

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